When you look in the mirror, does the gumline look uneven? Or do you see too little gum? These are common effects of periodontal disease. Surgery on the gums can lower or even out the gumline. And
If more of the tooth needs to be exposed, surgery can fix that, too.
Soft tissue graft:
When the gum isn't supported by bone, the gum can start to pull away. A graft can be used to fill in an area where the gum has receded. The graft tissue may be taken from the roof of the mouth or from a tissue bank.
A gumline that has receded can expose the root. This can lead to tooth sensitivity and cavities in the root. The uneven gumline may also be visible when you smile.
Graft tissue covers part or all of the exposed root. This protects the root and prevents the gum from receding further. It can also improve your appearance.
Surgery to expose more of the crown includes:
- Functional lengthening. In some cases, a restoration (artificial crown) is needed. Gum and bone are removed to expose enough teeth to anchor the new crown. This also helps prevent future damage to gum and bone near the restoration.
- Cosmetic lengthening. This is done to remove an overgrowth of gum tissue that causes a"gummy" smile. It can improve appearance and make teeth easier to keep clean.
Functional crown lengthening
Gum and bone are removed. The remaining portion of the tooth can now support a replacement crown.
Cosmetic crown lengthening
Removing gum creates a more attractive smile.